It is so wonderful that it seems as if a child could reach it in a summer's day. But with me and such as I am it is different. One can realise a thing in a single moment, but one loses it in the long hours that follow … ". Oscar Wilde wrote "De Profundis" in Reading gaol where he was serving two years hard labour for being himself; he was homosexual. He was sent to prison in after one of the most notorious trials in English history. Wilde's fatal amour, Lord Alfred Douglas, was son of the Marquess of Queensberry , who was a bully, womaniser, gambling addict, cycling bore and amateur boxer to him we owe the Queensberry rules.
In his personal life there was no such thing as fair play. Queensberry was a vicious pugilist detested by his family. A caricature of masculinity, he loathed the cult of art and beauty that Wilde championed, and under the guise of saving his son from sodomy, he set about bringing down Wilde at the height of his fame.
The tragedy is that he succeeded. Wilde became the most infamous man in Britain. Queensberry bankrupted him. Even his copyrights and his library were sold. Three years later he was dead. He loved his wife, Constance Holland, too; in his domestic affairs, and perhaps only there, Wilde was unexpectedly conventional. He liked women, but in common with Victorian men of his class, heterosexual and homosexual alike, his interests and his excitements happened outside of the home — with other men.
Unlike other men, Wilde was flamboyant, outspoken and provocative. The all-male environments of school, university, the army, gentlemen's clubs and public life operated on a tacit code of concealment — whether of mistresses or misdemeanours. The "love that dare not speak its name" was a crime, yet in the eyes of society, Wilde's real crime was being found out. The Victorians didn't invent hypocrisy, but in an era of industrious taxonomy, they were the first to reclassify that sin as a virtue. Disgraced and imprisoned, sleeping on a plank bed, his health broken, Wilde wrote a long letter to Alfred Douglas, later published as "De Profundis".
The strange thing is that in this, his last real piece of work, Wilde takes us back in tone and spirit to his first authentic work — the fairy stories or children's stories he wrote immediately after the birth of his two boys, Cyril and Vyvyan. The work Wilde is remembered for was written over a period of less than 10 years. That volume marks the beginning of Wilde's true creativity. He had lectured extensively in the US — but that would not have won him any lasting legacy, any more than his journalism or his poems.
He had published a great many poems, but Wilde was a bad poet — he rarely found the right words and he was old-fashioned. We don't read his poetry now — it is dated and dead; too much Arcady and Hellenic Hours. The early plays suffer from the same verbal excess. Wilde at his worst wrote in purple.
At his best he is dazzling. The birth of his children seems to have regenerated Wilde as a writer. The tedious Hellenism vanished. The purple-isms faded. There are still overwritten images — Dawn's grey fingers clutching at the stars — and he never gives up his fondness for a biblical moment, usually appearing as precious stones or pronouns thee and thy , but his style did change.
The writing became freer and sharper, and also more self-reflective, without being self-absorbed. Academic criticism of Wilde's work has too often dismissed these fairy stories as a minor bit of sentimentalism scribbled off by an iconoclast during a temporary bout of babymania. At last we seem to understand that imagination is ageless.
Wilde's children's stories are splendid. Fairytales always involve reversals of fortune.
This works in both directions: beggars become kings, palaces collapse into hovels, the spoilt son eats thistles. Wilde's own reversal of fortune from fame and money to destitution and exile shares the same rapid drama.
Fairytales are also and always about transformation of various kinds — frogs into princes, coal into gold — and if they are not excessively moralistic, there is usually a happy ending. Wilde's fairytale transformations turn on loss. Wilde had a streak of prophecy in him. The children's stories can be read as notes from the future about Wilde's fate. It is as though the little child in him was trying to warn him of the dangers his adult self would soon face.
One day, a Swallow late-flying to Egypt, after an unsatisfactory dalliance with a reed "She has no conversation" , rests at the feet of the Happy Prince, who tells him of all the suffering he can see. He asks the Swallow to take the ruby from his sword and give it to a poor family.
The Swallow does so. The Prince begs him to stay and to strip him bit by bit of all his gold and jewels to distribute to others. After all, my son takes no interest in what other people tell him. Ludwig's childhood years did have happy moments. It was decorated in the Gothic Revival style with many frescoes depicting heroic German sagas. The family also visited Lake Starnberg. As an adolescent, Ludwig became close friends with his aide de camp , Prince Paul , a member of Bavaria's wealthy Thurn und Taxis family.
Edition Language. They seem to be as old as the race itself. I also love to cuddle with my two chocolate labs, Roscoe and Cooper, who love snuggles and kisses and going for long walks. Driven by the longing for home, "which is discomforting and comforting" , both adults and children desire to tap into the liberating potential of the tale, to recapture home as a place free from repressive constraints and governed by the utopian imagination. The 20 best Christmas markets to visit in Europe, opening dates and where to stay. Again Monica Alexander's characters are completely believable and will easily have yo I finished this book this morning, and honestly I took my time reading it because I just didn't want it to end. He asked Dr.
The two young men rode together, read poetry aloud, and staged scenes from the Romantic operas of Richard Wagner. The friendship ended when Paul became engaged in During his youth Ludwig also initiated a lifelong friendship with his cousin, Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria , later Empress of Austria. Crown Prince Ludwig was in his 19th year when his father died after a three-day illness, and he ascended the Bavarian throne. His real interests were in art, music, and architecture. One of the first acts of his reign, a few months after his accession, was to summon Wagner to his court.
Ludwig was notably eccentric in ways that made serving as Bavaria's head of state problematic. He disliked large public functions and avoided formal social events whenever possible, preferring a life of seclusion that he pursued with various creative projects. He last inspected a military parade on 22 August and last gave a Court banquet on 10 February These idiosyncrasies, combined with the fact that Ludwig avoided Munich and participating in the government there at all costs, caused considerable tension with the king's government ministers, but did not cost him popularity among the citizens of Bavaria.
The king enjoyed traveling in the Bavarian countryside and chatting with farmers and labourers he met along the way. He also delighted in rewarding those who were hospitable to him during his travels with lavish gifts. He is still remembered in Bavaria as "Unser Kini" "our cherished king" in the Bavarian dialect.
Buried Castles book. Read 48 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Emily Cole thought she was going to have the best summer of her life. Buried Castles (Broken Fairytales Book 2) - Kindle edition by Monica Alexander. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
Relations with Prussia took center stage from In November , Bavaria joined the North German Confederation and thus lost its status as an independent kingdom. Bavaria retained its own diplomatic corps and its own army , which would come under Prussian command only in times of war. In December , Bismarck used financial concessions to induce Ludwig with the support of the king's equerry Maximilian Count von Holnstein to write the so-called Kaiserbrief , a letter endorsing the creation of the German Empire with King Wilhelm I of Prussia as Emperor.
Nevertheless, Ludwig regretted Bavaria's loss of independence and refused to attend Wilhelm's January 18 proclamation as German Emperor in the Palace of Versailles. The greatest stress of Ludwig's early reign was pressure to produce an heir. This issue came to the forefront in Ludwig became engaged to Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria , his cousin and the youngest sister of his dear friend, Empress Elisabeth of Austria. The engagement was announced on 22 January ; a few days earlier, Ludwig had written Sophie that "The main substance of our relationship has always been … Richard Wagner's remarkable and deeply moving destiny.
However, Ludwig repeatedly postponed the wedding date, and finally cancelled the engagement in October. Your cruel father has torn us apart. Eternally yours, Heinrich. Ludwig never married, nor had any known mistresses. It is known from his diary begun in the s , private letters, and other surviving personal documents that he had strong homosexual desires.
Throughout his reign, Ludwig had a succession of close friendships with men, including his chief equerry and Master of the Horse , Richard Hornig — ,  the Bavarian prince Paul von Thurn und Taxis,  the Hungarian theater actor Josef Kainz , and his courtier Alfons Weber b.
apiarykritsky.ru/includes/2020-01-29/gas-krugosvetka-znakomstvo-s.php Ludwig's original diaries from onward were lost during World War II , and all that remain today are copies of entries made during the plot to depose him. Some earlier diaries have survived in the Geheimes Hausarchiv "secret archives" in Munich, and extracts starting in were published by Evers in After , Ludwig largely withdrew from politics, and devoted himself to his personal creative projects, most famously his castles, for which he personally approved every detail of the architecture, decoration, and furnishing. Ludwig was intensely interested in the operas of Richard Wagner.
Wagner's operas appealed to the king's fantasy-filled imagination. Wagner had a notorious reputation as a political radical and philanderer, and was constantly on the run from creditors. Without Ludwig, it is doubtful that Wagner's later operas would have been composed, much less premiered at the prestigious Munich Royal Court Theatre now the Bavarian State Opera. A year after meeting the King, Wagner presented his latest work, Tristan und Isolde , in Munich to great acclaim. However, the composer's perceived extravagant and scandalous behaviour in the capital was unsettling for the conservative people of Bavaria, and the King was forced to ask Wagner to leave the city six months later, in December Ludwig provided the Tribschen residence for Wagner in Switzerland.
Wagner completed Die Meistersinger there; it was premiered in Munich in Wagner, however, was now planning his great personal opera house at Bayreuth. Ludwig initially refused to support the grandiose project.